Ears and Eyes

A dog’s ears and eyes are extremely sensitive. It is especially important to take good care of them, to avoid infections and other problems.


With regular checking eyes can be an early indicator of any health problems. They should be clear, bright and clean – the windows to your dog’s soul.

  • For long haired breeds, it is best to trim it away from the eyes. If your dog is peering out from beneath a fringe of hair it can be frustrating for them and if they start to try and scratch and push it away they can cause damage and irritation. It’s also an unhealthy trap for dirt and bacteria. Use round ended scissors for safety, such as PetOne Eye Scissors.
  • Crusty build up in the corner of the eyes is a normal part of being a dog. Simply washing it away with a damp cloth can keep them clean and healthy. However, if it seems excessive or happens too often it can be a sign of an infection, so a visit to the vet may be in order.
  • With many small breeds, tear staining can occur. This is the red colour that you can often see around dog’s eyes and although not damaging in itself, having the area constantly damp can result in irritation. Gently rinse daily with a cloth, and use a fine toothed comb to brush out any build up, such as PetOne fine pin comb. A tear stain remover such as Pretty Eye can also help.


The inside of a dog’s ear is a complex and fragile structure, and can often end up as a trap for bacteria. Wax is produced for cleaning reasons – it works its way up and out, taking along any nasties with it. For some dogs though such as those with allergies, floppy or hairy ears, some extra maintenance can be needed to keep them clean and healthy.

  • Clean away any excess wax or debris with a moistened cotton ball and an ear cleaner, such as epi-otic. If it’s particularly dirty, has an unpleasant smell or seems to need deeper cleaning, consult a vet for assistance. Never try to clean deeper inside the dog’s ears than just the entrance, or insert anything inside. They have a different structure to humans and it could cause irreversible damage.
  • As strange as it sounds, some breeds will grow hair inside the ear canal. This will block up air flow, trap dirt, and can make them even more susceptible to infections. Consult a vet or groomer for some help, but you will need some haemostat forceps and a gripping product such as Professional Groomer ear powder.
  • Frequent swimming or baths can lead to infections in the ears, if water gets inside. Try to dry them as thoroughly as you can after these activities and place a cotton ball in the entrance of the ear during baths.